|Studies on biodiversity and taxonomy of Vespid and Apoid wasps and bees (Hymenoptera: Vespidae and Apoidea) in north-western Vietnam
|Research hosting institution
|Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources
|Coordinating unit, co-chair
|Bulgaria Academy of Sciences
|Project leader’s name
|Vietnam's side: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Thi Phuong Lien; Partner's side: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Toshko Ljubomirov
|01/01/2021 - 31/12/2022
|200 million VND
|Goal and objectives of the project
In the first phase, the project has the following objectives:
- A total of 137 species of wasp species of four families Apidae, Halictidae, Crabronidae and Vespidae have been recorded in 3 provinces of Lao Cai, Son La and Hoa Binh in the northwest region of our country, of which 25 species and 10 genera belong to the family Apidae, 10 species and 4 genera belong to family Halictidae, 23 species belong to 12 genera of family Crabronidae and 78 species and 35 genera of family Vespidae. The highest number of species was recorded in Lao Cai (89 species), followed by Hoa Binh (65 species) and Son La (57 species), of which 46 species were recorded only in Lao Cai, 20 species were recorded only in Son La and 17 species recorded only in Hoa Binh. This shows the peculiarity of the distribution of hymenopteran bees and wasps belonging to four families at the study sites: the sampling sites have obvious differences in altitude, habitat and vegetation. While the sampling point in Son La (Van Ho, Sop Cop) has a lower elevation, averaging from 600-900m with scattered limestone and soil mountains, the sampling points in Hoa Binh (Mai Chau) are located at an average altitude of 900-1400m with scattered limestone massifs, while the sampling points in Lao Cai (mainly in Bat Xat) are located at an altitude of 1800m and above with mainly the high limestone mountains.
|Novelty and actuality and scientific meaningfulness of the results
- One species was described as new to science. Three genera and three species were newly recorded for Vietnamese fauna.
|Products of the project
- Publications: 02 papers (in SCI-E journal list).
The results of the study will be used by the authorities of the three northeastern provinces such as Forest Protection Department, Bat Xat, Hang Kia – Pa Co, Sop Cop, Xuan Nha Nature Reserve, which is a scientific basis for these agencies to use for building plans on conservation, promotion and rational use of biological resources in service of local socio-economic development.
The composition of aculeate Hymenoptera in Vietnam is very diverse and rich, but taxonomic research on superfamilies Vespoidea and Apoidea has received little attention, so it is recommended to continue research on taxonomy and distribution of the groups of bees and wasps in other regions of our country in order to have an overview of their diversity and distribution in Vietnam, to build a complete database for conservation research and use them in the future.
|Images of project